japon forum

japon kültürüyle ilgili herşey
 
AnasayfaSSSAramaKayıt OlGiriş yap

Paylaş | 
 

 Lesson 3

Önceki başlık Sonraki başlık Aşağa gitmek 
YazarMesaj
Nodame^^



Mesaj Sayısı : 1580
Kayıt tarihi : 04/03/08

MesajKonu: Lesson 3   Paz 17 Ağus. 2008, 17:28

Pronouns an Noun modifiers

There are three seperate demonstrative pronouns in Japanese these ara Kore, Sore and Are. Kore indicates someting near the speaker, Sore something near the listener and are something not near either person.
Ex. You are in a classroom and in front of you, you have a key. Next you sits Tamaki and he has a book in front of him and across you two next to the door stands a umbrella.

You as the speaker point out that there is a key in front of you.
Ex. Kore wa kagi desu. "This is a key"

How you point out the book in front of Tamaki is like this.
Ex. Sore wa hon desu. "That is a book."

And the umbrella which is not near both of you is pointed out like this;
Ex. Are wa kasa desu. "That over there is a umbrella."
Noun modifiers.

Kono, Sono and Ano. Thes have similar meanings to kore, sore and are, but they modifiy nouns.
Ex. Kono kagi wa watashi no desu. "This key is mine."

Vocabulary
ima: now
nan-ji: what time
-ji: o'clock(counter)
onna no hito: woman
onna: female, woman
hito: person
kara: from
made: until
gogo: p.m, in the afternoon
gozen: a.m., in the morning
han: half past(of time)
doo itashimashite: you're welcome, don't mention it.
depaato: department store
suupaa: supermarket
resutoran: restaurant
yuubinkyoku: post office
yuubin: mail, post
kyoku: office, bureau
shigoto: work, job
kaigi: meeting
hiru-yasumu: lunchbreak
hiru: afternoon
yasumi: break, rest
asa-gohan: breakfast
asa: morning
gohan: meal
ban-gohan: dinner
ban: evening
paatii: party
eiga: movie
eiga-kan: movie theater
puuru: pool
jimu: gym
soo desu ka: i see, is that so?

ima can also be used to indicate what the time right now is?
ex. ima roku-ji desu.
It's(right now) 5:00.

Numbers
10: juu
11: juuichi
12: juuni
13: juusan
14: juuyon/juushi
15: juugo
16: juuroku
17: juunana/juushichi
18: juuhachi
19: juukuu/juukyuu
20: nijuu
21: nijuuichi
22: nijuuni
23: nijuusan
24: nijuuyon/nijuushi
25: nijuugo
26: nijuuroku
27: nijuunana/nijuushichi
28: nijuuhachi
29: nijuukuu/nijuukyuu
30: sanjuu
40: yonjuu
50: gojuu
60: rokujuu
70: nanajuu
80: hachijuu
90: kyuuju
100: hyaku

Times:
1:00 = ichi-ji
2:00 = ni-ji
3:00 = san-ji
4:00 = yo-ji
5:00 = go-ji
6:00 = roku-ji
7:00 = shichi-ji
8:00 = hachi-ji
9:00 = kuu-ji
10:00=juu-ji
11:00=juuichi-ji
12:00=juuni-ji
3:05 = san-ji go-fun......................3:10 = san-ji juppun
4:15 = yo-ji juugo-fun...................4:20 = yo-ji nijuppun
5:25 = go-ji nijuugo-fun................5:30 = go-ji sanjuppun/go-ji han
6:35 = roku-ji sanjuugo-fun..........6:40 = roku-ji yonjuppun
7:45 = shichi-ji yonjuugo-fun........7:50 = shichi-ji gojuppun
8:55 = hachi-ji gojuugo-fun
-fun/pun: minute
4:00 a.m. = gozen yo-ji
9:00 p.m. = gogo ku-ji

You're in Japan and you go to a bank, but it isn't open yet. Here is an example of a dialogue about when the bank opens.
Anata: Sumimasen, ima nan-ji desu ka.
Onna no hito: Hachi-ji gojuppun desu.
Anata: Ginkoo wa nan-ji kara desu ka.
Onna no hito: Kuu-ji kara desu.
Anata: Nan-ji made desu ka.
Onna no hito: Gogo roku-ji made desu.
Anata: arigatoo gozaimasu.
Onna no hito: Doo itashimashite.


Ginkoo wa kuu-ji kara roku-ji made desu.

You: Excuse me. What time is it?
Woman: it's 8:50.
You: What time does the bank open.
Woman: It opens at 9:00.
You: Until what time is it open?
Woman: I'ts open till 6:00 p.m.
You: Thank you.
Woman: You're welcome.

The bank is open from 9:00 to 6:00


Well as you can see this lesson was all about numbers.Good luck with remembering them.
Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
Kullanıcı profilini gör
tugsat

avatar

Mesaj Sayısı : 47
Kayıt tarihi : 27/03/10
Yaş : 37

MesajKonu: Geri: Lesson 3   Salı 30 Kas. 2010, 15:24

Thanks 4 useful sharing..
Sayfa başına dön Aşağa gitmek
Kullanıcı profilini gör
 
Lesson 3
Önceki başlık Sonraki başlık Sayfa başına dön 
1 sayfadaki 1 sayfası

Bu forumun müsaadesi var:Bu forumdaki mesajlara cevap veremezsiniz
japon forum :: English :: Japanese Lessons-
Buraya geçin: